CRISPRで遺伝子の “ヒッチハイカー”を誘導することに成功(Genetic ‘Hitchhikers’ Can Be Directed Using CRISPR)


2022-11-21 ノースカロライナ州立大学(NCState)



多様なタイプI-F CRISPR関連トランスポゾンの機能解析 Functional characterization of diverse type I-F CRISPR-associated transposons

Avery Roberts, Matthew A Nethery, Rodolphe Barrangou
Nucleic Acids Research  Published:17 November 2022


CRISPR-Cas systems generally provide adaptive immunity in prokaryotes through RNA-guided degradation of foreign genetic elements like bacteriophages and plasmids. Recently, however, transposon-encoded and nuclease-deficient CRISPR-Cas systems were characterized and shown to be co-opted by Tn7-like transposons for CRISPR RNA-guided DNA transposition. As a genome engineering tool, these CRISPR-Cas systems and their associated transposon proteins can be deployed for programmable, site-specific integration of sizable cargo DNA, circumventing the need for DNA cleavage and homology-directed repair involving endogenous repair machinery. Here, we selected a diverse set of type I-F3 CRISPR-associated transposon systems derived from Gammaproteobacteria, predicted all components essential for transposition activity, and deployed them for functionality testing within Escherichia coli. Our results demonstrate that these systems possess a significant range of integration efficiencies with regards to temperature, transposon size, and flexible PAM requirements. Additionally, our findings support the categorization of these systems into functional compatibility groups for efficient and orthogonal RNA-guided DNA integration. This work expands the CRISPR-based toolbox with new CRISPR RNA-guided DNA integrases that can be applied to complex and extensive genome engineering efforts.