2023-05-18 ジョージア大学 (UGA)
防汚性と油水分離性を備えた超疎水性・導電性発泡体 Superhydrophobic and Conductive Foams with Antifouling and Oil–Water Separation Properties
Ekrem Ozkan, Mark Garren, James Manuel, Megan Douglass, Ryan Devine, Arnab Mondal, Anil Kumar, Morgan Ashcraft, Rashmi Pandey, and Hitesh Handa
Applied Materials & Interfaces Published:January 26, 2023
Hybrid organic–inorganic materials are attracting enormous interest in materials science due to the combination of multiple advantageous properties of both organic and inorganic components. Taking advantage of a simple, scalable, solvent-free hard-sacrificial method, we report the successful fabrication of three-dimensional hybrid porous foams by integrating two types of fillers into a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) framework. These fillers consist of hydrophobic electrically conductive graphene (GR) nanoplatelets and hydrophobic bactericidal copper (Cu) microparticles. The fillers were utilized to create the hierarchical rough structure with low-surface-energy properties on the PDMS foam surfaces, leading to remarkable superhydrophobicity/superoleophilicity with contact angles of 158 and 0° for water and oil, respectively. The three-dimensional interconnected porous foam structures facilitated high oil adsorption capacity and excellent reusability as well as highly efficient oil/organic solvent–water separation in turbulent, corrosive, and saline environments. Moreover, the introduction of the fillers led to a significant improvement in the electrical conductivity and biofouling resistance (vs whole blood, fibrinogen, platelet cells, and Escherichia coli) of the foams. We envision that the developed composite strategy will pave a facile, scalable, and effective way for fabricating novel multifunctional hybrid materials with ideal properties that may find potential use in a broad range of biomedical, energy, and environmental applications.